Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
) is an industry-standard
for accessing and maintaining
directory information services across a
Typically, LDAP servers are used to provide centralized user authentication service. The Tigergraph system supports LDAP authentication by allowing a TigerGraph user to log in using an LDAP username and credentials. During the authentication process, the GSQL server connects to the LDAP server and requests the LDAP server to authenticate the user.
GSQL LDAP authentication supports any LDAP server that follows LDAPv3 protocol. StartTLS/SSL connection is also supported.
SASL authentication is not yet supported. Some LDAP server are configured to require a client certificate upon connection. Client certificate is not yet supported in GSQL LDAP authentication.
Mapping Users From LDAP to GSQL
In order to manage the user roles and privileges, the TigerGraph GSQL server employs two concepts—proxy user and proxy group.
A proxy user is a GSQL user created to correspond an external LDAP user. When operating within GSQL, the external LDAP user’s roles and privileges are determined by the proxy user.
A proxy group is a GSQL user group that is used to manage a group of proxy users who share similar properties/attributes in LDAP.
An existing LDAP user can log in to GSQL only when the user matches at least one of the existing proxy groups’ criteria. Once the criteria are satisfied, a proxy user will be created for the LDAP user. The roles and privileges of the proxy user are
as permissive as the proxy group(s) he belongs to. It is also possible to change the roles of a specific proxy user independently. When the roles and privileges of a proxy group changes, the roles and privileges of all the proxy users belonging to this proxy group change accordingly.
Configure GSQL LDAP Authentication
To configure a TigerGraph system to use LDAP, there are two main configuration steps:
- Configure the LDAP Connection.
Configure GSQL Proxy Groups and Users.
Step 1 – Configure the LDAP Connection
To enable and configure LDAP, run three commands.
The gadmin program will then prompt the user for the settings for several LDAP configuration parameters.
Apply the configration:
Restart the gsql server:
An example configuration is shown below.
Below is an explanation of each configuration parameter.
Set to “true” to enable LDAP; “false” to disable LDAP.
Hostname of LDAP server.
Port of LDAP server.
Base DN (Distinguished Name), in order for GSQL to perform the LDAP search.
A search filter is optional. When configured, the search is only performed for the LDAP entries that satisfy the filter. The filter must strictly follow LDAP filter format, i.e., the condition must be wrapped by parentheses, etc. A description of the different types of filters is avaiable at
. The official specification for LDAP filters is available at
This specifies the LDAP attribute to search when the GSQL server looks up the usernames in the LDAP server upon login. For example, in the configuration shown above, when a user logs in with the “-u john” option, the GSQL server will search the “uid” attribute in LDAP to find “john” and check the credentials only after “john” is found.
security.ldap.admin_password & security.ldap.admin_dn
These options are needed when the LDAP server is not publicly readable. In this case, the admin DN and corresponding password need to be specified in order for the GSQL server to connect to the LDAP server.
When set to “none”, TigerGraph uses insecure LDAP connection. This can be changed to a secure connection protocol: “starttls” or “ssl”.
security.ldap.secure.truststore_path & security.ldap.secure.truststore_password
When starttls or ssl is used, a truststore path as well as its password needs to be configured.
Currently, the TigerGraph system supports two trustore formats: pkcs12 and jks.
When specified, the GSQL server will blindly trust any LDAP sever.
Step 2 – Configure GSQL Proxy Groups and Users
This section explains how to configure a GSQL proxy group in order to allow LDAP user authentication.
Configure Proxy Group
A GSQL proxy group is created by the CREATE GROUP command with a given proxy rule. For example, assume there is an attribute called “role” in the LDAP directory, and “engineering” is one of the “role” attribute values. We can create a proxy group with the proxy rule “role=engineering”. Different roles can then be assigned to the proxy group. An example is shown below. When a user logins, the GSQL server searches for the user’s entry in the LDAP directory. If the user’s LDAP entry matches the proxy rule of an existing proxy group, a proxy user is created to which the user will login in.
The SHOW GROUP command will display information about a group. The DROP GROUP command deletes the definition of a group.
Only users with the admin and superuser role can create, show, or drop a group.
Nothing needs to be configured for a proxy user. As long as the proxy rule matches, the proxy user will be automatically created upon login. A proxy user is very similar to a normal user. The minor differences are that a proxy user cannot change their password in GSQL and that a proxy user comes with default roles inherited from the proxy group that they belong to.